PHP Operator is a symbol i.e used to perform operations on operands. For example:
$num=10+20;//+ is the operator and 10,20 are operands
In the above example, + is the binary + operator, 10 and 20 are operands and $num is variable.
PHP Operators can be categorized in following forms:
- Arithmetic Operators
- Comparison Operators
- Bitwise Operators
- Logical Operators
- String Operators
- Incrementing/Decrementing Operators
- Array Operators
- Type Operators
- Execution Operators
- Error Control Operators
- Assignment Operators
We can also categorize operators on behalf of operands. They can be categorized in 3 forms:
- Unary Operators: works on single operands such as ++, — etc.
- Binary Operators: works on two operands such as binary +, -, *, / etc.
- Ternary Operators: works on three operands such as “?:”.
PHP Operators Precedence
Let’s see the precedence of PHP operators with associativity.
|clone new||clone and new||non-associative|
|++ — ~ (int) (float) (string) (array) (object) (bool) @||increment/decrement and types||right|
|* / %||arithmetic||left|
|+ – .||arithmetic and string concatenation||left|
|<< >>||bitwise (shift)||left|
|< <= > >=||comparison||non-associative|
|== != === !== <>||comparison||non-associative|
|= += -= *= **= /= .= %= &= |= ^= <<= >>= =>||assignment||right|
|,||many uses (comma)||left|